The Acid-Catalyzed Aldol Reaction

The acid-catalyzed aldol condensation begins with conversion of a ketone (or aldehyde) to an enol, which then attacks another aldehyde or ketone which has been activated by protonation of the carbonyl oxygen. This is referred to as the “aldol addition” reaction. The aldol condensation goes a step further: as the name suggests, water is removed…

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